Blood Lead Screening
Are there specific screening requirements for Medicaid eligible children?
- All 12- and 24-month-old Medicaid-eligible children must have a blood lead screening test (regardless of ZIP code or exposure to lead).
- For more on Ohio’s Medicaid Program and lead screening, see Ohio Programs for Children, Families and Pregnant Women;
- Healthcheck: Ohio’s Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) Program;
- Prenatal Risk-Assessment of Lead Exposure: Education and Anticipatory Guidance.
What is a blood lead screening test?
Blood lead screening tests of children at risk of lead poisoning shall be conducted either by:
- Venous draw; or
- Capillary test, collected in a capillary tube or on filter paper (finger stick test)
If a child is not Medicaid eligible and does not reside in a high risk zip code, how do Health Professionals assess a child’s risk of being lead poisoned?
- Health Professionals must assess a child’s risk of being poisoned by asking questions about the age and condition of housing, child care or school where the child either resides or visits, if remodeling is taking place in a pre-1978 residence, child care or school, the lead status of siblings or playmates, and if the child comes into contact with an adult in contact with lead through hobby or occupation.
- A fact sheet has been prepared by ODH to guide Health Professionals through the questions.
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