Statutory and Regulatory Terms

What are the key Statutory Terms in the Lead Safe Housing Rule?

Lead-Based Paint (LBP)

  • Equal to or exceeding 1.0 milligram per centimeter lead on surface
  • 0.5% (5,000 ppm) lead in dry weight of paint film

Lead-Based Paint Hazard

Condition which causes exposure to lead that would result in adverse human effects from:

  • Dust-lead
  • Soil-lead
  • Lead-based paint on deteriorated, chewable, friction, or impact surfaces


  • Measures designed with intent to permanently eliminate LBP or LBP hazards
  • Includes cleaning and clearance

Interim Controls

  • Measures to temporarily reduce human exposure to lead-based paint hazards
  • May include repairs, painting, cleaning, ongoing LBP maintenance, and management programs

LBP Inspection

  • Surface-by-surface investigation to determine the presence of LBP
  • Report of results

Risk Assessment

  • On-site investigation
  • Existence, nature, severity, and location of LBP hazards
  • Report of results and recommendation


What are the key Regulatory Terms in the Lead Safe Housing Rule?

  • Chewable surface
  • Clearance examination
  • Environmental Intervention Blood Lead Level
  • Hard costs of rehab
  • Paint testing
  • Visual assessment
  • Worksite


  • Interior or exterior painted surface
  • Can be mouthed or chewed
  • Same as “accessible surface”

Clearance Examination

  • Hazard reduction activities are complete
  • No soil-lead or dust-lead hazards exist
  • Includes visual assessment and analysis of environmental samples

Environmental Intervention Blood Lead Level

Blood lead at least 20 µg/dL or two readings of 15-19 µg/dL taken three months apart (Note: Since the LHSR was written, the environmental intervention blood lead level and the level at which a child is considered lead poisoned was reduced to 10 µg/dL and above by the Centers for Disease Control)

Hard costs of rehabilitation

  • Correcting substandard conditions
  • Meeting local rehab standards
  • Essential and non-essential improvements
  • Do not include administrative costs or costs allocated to lead hazard control

Paint testing

  • Determines the presence or absence of LBP on deteriorated paint or surfaces to be disturbed or replaced
  • Must be done by certified inspector or risk assessor

Visual assessment

  • Looks for deteriorated paint; provides no lead information
  • Visible dust, debris and residue as part of risk assessment or clearance examination
  • Failure of hazard reduction measures
  • Visual assessment training required (on web)


  • Interior or exterior area where lead-based paint hazard reduction takes place
  • Must be contained to prevent spreading, blowing or tracking of dust and debris for worksite clearance
  • Dwelling unit may have more than one worksite
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